Prepare Launch! 🚀

Apollo 11

T-minus 15 seconds, Guidance is Internal . . .

Photo by History HD on Unsplash

…12, 11, 10, 9, . . .

Ignition Sequence Start.

  1. If the fuel is solid, you will need to add heat for the process of combustion to begin. For liquid fuel, you will combine the fuel with an oxidizer via pumps.
  2. At this point, both solid or liquid fuel will arrive at the combustion chamber, where the chemical reactions occur for the fuel to be ejected from the rocket nozzles.
  3. Once combustion is complete, the propellant will leave via the rocket nozzles, which propels the rocket up!
  4. Liftoff!
  • A single SpaceX Launch releases 336,552 Kilograms of CO2
  • The fuel will need more pumps and an oxidant, which adds more mass to the rocket, and increases the cost of the rocket, let alone the payload system.
  • Certain rockets dispose of rocket pieces through the atmosphere or they stay up in Low-Earth Orbit (LEO). SpaceX has successfully reused its rocket boosters, but we need to do more.
  • Liquid and solid fuel rockets use up their fuel so fast; immediately after liftoff. It’s good when you’re trying to get to geostationary orbit, but if you’re trying to get to Mars, good luck.

. . . 6, 5, 4, . . .

  • Microgravity: Bone and muscle atrophy can quickly take place due to the weightlessness in space.
  • No Breathable Air: Without air, the lungs will not respond and blood will not reach your brain. If you do not inhale oxygen after approximately 2 minutes, you will die of asphyxiation.
  • Cosmic Radiation: On Earth, you receive approximately 1 millisievert of Radiation. In space, you receive 50–2,000 millisieverts of radiation, and all that depends on how long you stay in space. On Mars, there is an incredibly weak magnetosphere, so unless you want to be showered by thousands of millisieverts in radiation, be my guest.
  • Food and Water: You can’t grow food on The Moon or Mars due to insufficient amounts of nitrogen. In terms of water, I hoped you packed up quintillions of gallons of Sparkling Water on your Next Trip to Mars!
  • Gravity: Surface Gravity on The Moon and Mars is less than Earth’s, and that will lead to muscle atrophy and cardiovascular problems.
  • Power Outage: In space or on any celestial object, the only power source we can extract is the photons coming from the Sun. On Mars, however, dust storms can block out the sunlight and makes it harder to have sufficient power.
  • One Giant Freezer: Step outside the spacecraft without a spacesuit, and you will almost immediately freeze to death. Since there is no heat source hot enough to keep outer space at a warm temperature, the temperature outside of the spacecraft is only a few degrees above Absolute Zero! Absolute Zero is when all atoms come to a complete stop! They do not vibrate or move! Now imagine yourself!
Photo by NASA by Unsplash

. . . 3, 2, 1, 0, . . .

  • Tardigrades: These are small little critters that contain an answer to the radiation from outer space. Tardigrades have a special protein called Dsup, or Damage Suppressor Protein.
  • Asteroid Mining (Part 1): Commercial space flight will be expensive. To earn some profit, let’s turn to asteroids and mine their materials and minerals! If we were to extract materials from asteroids, they would potentially be one of these three valuables: rare metals/minerals, Helium-3, and Water. Secondly, an asteroid named Psyche, which is roughly the size of Massachusetts, is worth $10,000 QUADRILLION! Talk about profit!
  • Asteroid Mining (Part 2): With the Materials, Water, and Helium-3 extracted, we have two options: we can either return to Earth or use the materials for making settlements on The Moon or Mars! Secondly, that solves the Water crisis for living on a planet that does not have Water on its surface.

. . . And Lift-off! We have a Lift-Off!

  • What if the rocket explodes? Who should be sued and how much?
  • Should we protect environments and planets that could host life?
  • Would we send robots instead of humans to explore space?
  • What should we do if we come into contact with alien life?
  • How will the government be managed between an interplanetary species?
  • Who will be responsible for cleaning up the space junk?
  • If everything I said is successful, who will earn the profit and how will the wealth be distributed?
  • Will Elon Musk and SpaceX take over Mars?
Lord Musk!? It’s a possibility…


  • Space Exploration began with a Moonshot.
  • Space Technologies can be improved.
  • Unfortunately, we have to pay attention to existing and future problems.
  • Some problems are better propulsion systems, more abundant resources, and human health.
  • There are already solutions to these problems!
  • Some of these solutions involve animals, asteroids, and obviously, better technologies!
  • Future problems include ethical issues such as space junk, alien life, and possibly dictatorship.
  • We can solve these problems… If we work together!

. . . Tower Clear!

Photo by Alexander Andrews on Unsplash

Prepare Lunch!

Sorry, I mean…

Launch! 🚀




17 |Explorando y activando

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Carlos Manuel Jarquín Sánchez

Carlos Manuel Jarquín Sánchez

17 |Explorando y activando

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